National Cancer Institute
Common Coding System Announced for Cancer Research Grants
30 Aug 00 | These organizations are: American Cancer Society (Atlanta, Ga.), California Cancer Research Program (Sacramento, Calif.), California Breast Cancer Research Program (Oakland, Calif.), Cancer Research Campaign of the United Kingdom (London, U.K.), ...
Mayo Lung Project: After 20 Years, No Benefit from Chest X-rays
15 Aug 00 | After tracking smokers for 20 years, a large study indicates that screening for lung cancer with chest X-rays does not save lives.
The new report reinforces original conclusions from the Mayo Lung Project, published in the mid-1980s, that X-rays ...
Scientists Find Link Between Pre-1970s Diagnostic X-rays for Scoliosis and Breast Cancer Mortality
15 Aug 00 | Researchers have found that women with scoliosis, or abnormal curvature of the spine, who were exposed to multiple diagnostic X-rays during childhood and adolescence may be at increased risk of dying of breast cancer.
Similarly, the risk of dying...
Breast Cancer Consensus Conference: Agenda, Registration Available Online
10 Aug 00 | Speakers and topics for the upcoming consensus conference on breast cancer therapy have been announced as part of the preliminary agenda, which is now available online at http://odp.od.nih.gov/consensus.
Major sponsors of the Consensus ...
STAR Enrolls 6,139 Women in First Year; 16,000 More Women at Increased Risk of Breast Cancer Sought
27 Jul 00 | STAR is designed to determine whether the osteoporosis prevention and treatment drug raloxifene (Evista®) is as effective as tamoxifen (Nolvadex®) in reducing breast cancer risk.
In 1998, tamoxifen was shown to reduce the chance of developing ...
Spiral CT Scans for Lung Cancer Screening
07 Jul 00 | Spiral computed tomography (CT or CAT) scans are being advertised as a new way to find early lung cancer in smokers and former smokers.
While spiral CT scans may eventually prove to be an effective lung cancer screening tool, they can trigger ...
Thalidomide Shows Activity Against AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma
29 Jun 00 | The drug thalidomide, used in the 1950s and 1960s as a sedative which led to birth defects in newborns of mothers who took the drug, has now been shown to have clinical activity against Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), an AIDS-related cancer.
NCI Names Associate Director for Reducing Health Disparities;
Harold P. Freeman, M.D., to Fill New Position
13 Jun 00 | National Cancer Institute Director Richard D. Klausner, M.D., announced today that Harold P. Freeman, M.D., has been named as NCI's associate director for reducing health disparities.
In this position, Freeman will direct the implementation of ...
NCI Presents the First Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Award to ABC News Special Correspondent Robert Krulwich at NIH on June 16, 2000
08 Jun 00 | The Eleanor Nealon Extraordinary Communicators Lecture Series, sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), will be launched at noon on Friday, June 16, 2000, in Masur Auditorium in Building 10 on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) ...
Medicare to Pay Patient Care Costs in Clinical Studies
07 Jun 00 | Those searching for cancer studies specifically can also call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) toll-free number, 1-800-4-CANCER or go to one of the NCI Web sites with information on clinical trials: http://cancertrials.nci.nih.gov or http...
Tamoxifen Found to be Equally Effective for Black and White Women
23 May 00 | A new analysis shows that tamoxifen is as effective for black women as it is for white women in reducing the occurrence of "contralateral" breast cancer -- cancer that develops in the healthy breast after cancer in the opposite breast has been ...
Don't Write Off High-Dose Chemotherapy With Bone Marrow Transplant for Breast Cancer, Experts Say
19 May 00 | High-dose chemotherapy with bone marrow transplant may still prove to be a viable option for some breast cancer patients and needs to be tested in ongoing clinical trials, according to leading researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and...
The National Institutes of Health Earns the Hammer Award With Innovations in Business-to-Business E-commerce
18 May 00 | The National Institutes of Health's IntraMall team was recently awarded Vice President Gore's Hammer Award for its innovative, full-service system that harnesses the power of Internet technology.
With the IntraMall, the National Institutes (NIH) ...
Early Detection Research Network Completes Initial Funding; Seeks New Screening Tests for Common Cancers
16 May 00 | The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded $18 million in first-year funding for the Early Detection Research Network, which brings together dozens of institutions to search for and evaluate new ways of testing for early cancer and for cancer...
Annual Report Shows Continuing Decline in U.S. Cancer Incidence and Death Rates; Special Section Focuses on Colorectal Cancer
14 May 00 | A special section of the report focusing on colorectal cancer shows declines in incidence rates despite low use of screening tests for the disease. By far, the greatest decline in cancer incidence rates has been among men, who overall have higher ...
Questions and Answers:Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1973-1997, With a Special Section on Colorectal Cancer
14 May 00 | This report provides an update on the trends in cancer death rates in the United States and presents new information about trends in cancer incidence rates (new cases reported).
Data on Alaska Natives still residing there were used together with ...
NCI Reorganizes Cancer Communications
02 May 00 | Involving the former Office of Cancer Communications, Office of Cancer Information, Communication and Education, and Office of Liaison Activities, this new configuration will enhance the integration and coordination of all of NCI's communications ...
Healthy Diets Are Associated with Lower Risks of Overall Mortality
25 Apr 00 | Women in the study were given Recommended Food Scores (RFS) based on the number of healthy foods they consumed at least once a week.
The researchers found that women with the highest RFS had a 30 percent lower mortality rate from all causes than ...
Trials Show No Effect of Low-Fat, High-Fiber, and High-Fruit and -Vegetable Diets on the Growth of New Colorectal Polyps in People With a History of Precancerous Polyps
19 Apr 00 | Two studies of nutritional interventions in people at high risk of colorectal cancer yielded no evidence that diet affects the growth of precancerous colorectal polyps (adenomatous polyps or adenomas) in people who have already had a polyp removed...
Questions and Answers: The Polyp Prevention Trial and the Wheat Bran Fiber Study
19 Apr 00 | Because most colorectal cancers develop in polyps, detecting and removing these growths is a way to prevent colorectal cancer.
The Polyp Prevention Trial provided no evidence that adopting a low-fat, high-fiber, fruit- and vegetable-enriched ...